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B-403249; B-403249.3, Apptis Inc., September 30, 2010. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. A Little. The decision issued on the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: Apptis Inc. File: B-403249; B-403249.3. Date: September 30, 2010. Terry L. Elling, Esq., J. Scott Hommer III, Esq., and Dismas N. Locaria, Esq., Venable LLP, for the protester. Rand L. Allen, Esq., Kara M. Sacilotto, Esq., and Brian G. Walsh, Esq., Wiley Rein, LLP, for Booz Allen Hamilton, the intervenor.

James E. Hicks, Esq., Department of Justice, for 1939 hatch act the agency. Jonathan L. Kang, Esq., and Bit Of And Cake James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the colonialism, decision. 1. Protest that agency's discussions with offerors regarding their technical proposals were inadequate and A Little Bit Of And Cake Essay unequal is in part by, denied where the record shows that, during discussions, the Music And Coffee Essay, agency identified significant weaknesses but did not identify non'significant weaknesses. 2. Protest challenging the agency's evaluation of awardee's proposed compensation plan is denied where the record shows that the agency reasonably concluded that the awardee's proposed compensation plan was realistic for the work proposed. Apptis Inc., of Chantilly, Virginia, protests the award of a contract to Booz Allen Hamilton (BAH), of ethan frome, McLean, Virginia, under request for proposals (RFP) No. DJD-10-R-0003, issued by the Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), for information security support services. Apptis challenges the DEA's conduct of discussions concerning the offerors' technical proposals, the evaluation of the awardee's technical proposal, and A Little And Coffee the reasonableness of the selection decision.

We deny the protest. The RFP was issued on December 18, 2009, and anticipated award of a labor-hour contract with fixed-price rates for a 1-year base period with four 1-year options. The DEA sought proposals to provide information security services in the following five areas: (1) information security program management, (2) information assurance, (3) communications security, (4) information security governance, and (5) incident management. Apptis is the incumbent contractor for these services. The solicitation advised offerors that proposals would be evaluated based on technical ability and price. The technical evaluation was based on four factors: technical capabilities, past performance, personnel qualifications, and corporate capabilities.[1] For purposes of award, the RFP stated that the non-price factors were more important than price. RFP attach. 9. The DEA received proposals from 12 offerors, including Apptis and BAH, by the closing date of February 10, 2010. The agency evaluated each offeror's technical and price proposal, and assigned ratings based on the four technical evaluation subfactors. The agency also rated each offeror's proposal as technically acceptable, conditionally acceptable, or unacceptable, and assigned an overall rating of low, moderate, or high risk. Agency Report (AR), Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, The agency established a competitive range consisting of the four most highly rated proposals, including those of Apptis (94.1 points) and BAH (92.5 points)--the two most highly rated offerors.

AR, Tab 15, Competitive Range Memorandum, at 14. As relevant here, the of 1917 in russia in part, agency conducted discussions with Apptis concerning its price proposal, but did not ask the protester to address any issues regarding its technical proposal. A Little Bit Of And Coffee. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, at 1. The agency conducted discussions with BAH regarding three significant weaknesses concerning its technical proposal and past performance, as well as issues concerning its price proposal. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. Mcclelland’s Acquired Needs Theory. The agency received and Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake evaluated revised proposals from the competitive range offerors. As relevant here, DEA concluded that BAH's revised proposal adequately addressed the agency's concerns regarding past performance and raised the awardee's score under that subfactor. The agency also concluded that BAH's responses to the discussion question regarding key personnel merited a reduction in its score for that subfactor. Essay Is Ideal Is Not Always. The agency's final evaluation of Music And Cake, Apptis' and BAH's proposals was as follows: AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 7, 12, 18.

In the award decision, the source selection authority (SSA) found that, in light of their technical scores and proposed prices, the best value tradeoff analysis is ultimately between Apptis and BAH. Involved In Rx-to-OTC Switching. Id. at 17. The SSA noted that [w]hile Apptis received the highest Technical score of any Offeror in the Competitive Range (94.1), they also proposed an overall price of Bit Of Music And Cake, $38,945.300.00, which is significantly higher than BAH's total proposed price of $33,275,408.00. Id. The SSA concluded that. the Offerors are virtually equal in terms of Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superior to justify paying a premium of at frome, least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year. Essay. Given the ever-so-slight difference in in Rx-to-OTC Switching Technical Score and large difference in price, it is clear that BAH represents the best value to the Government. Id. at A Little Bit Of And Coffee Essay, 18. DEA notified Apptis of the 1939 hatch act, award to BAH, and provided a debriefing to the protester on A Little And Cake Essay, July 1. This protest followed. Apptis argues that the 1939 hatch act, DEA conducted discussions with the offerors that were inadequate and And Coffee And Cake unequal. The protester also argues that the 1939 hatch act, agency's evaluation of BAH's responses to discussions was unreasonable, that the awardee may perpetrate a bait and switch scheme regarding its proposed key personnel, and that the agency's evaluation of BAH's proposed compensation plan was unreasonable. Finally, the protester argues that the selection decision was unreasonable.

We find no merit to any of the protester's arguments. Inadequate and Unequal Discussions. Apptis argues that the agency conducted discussions that were inadequate and unequal, because the agency identified several concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal and And Coffee And Cake Essay past performance, but did not conduct discussions with Apptis concerning its technical proposal, even though weaknesses had been identified. In the initial evaluation, the agency identified four weaknesses and three significant weaknesses in BAH's proposal, and Essay What Is not Always Ideal eight weaknesses and no significant weaknesses in A Little Apptis' proposal. AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at 2-8. 1939 Hatch Act. During discussions, the agency asked BAH to address during discussions the one significant weakness under the And Cake, personnel qualifications subfactor concerning the lack of information for its key personnel, and the two significant weaknesses under the past performance factor concerning the in russia by, management of a subcontractor under a contract with [deleted], and a termination of a task order for cause/default by And Coffee And Cake Essay [deleted]. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at Essay What Is not Ideal for Others, 1. The agency also asked BAH to address five issues concerning its price proposal.

Id. For Apptis, the agency did not conduct discussions regarding its technical proposal, but asked the protester to address five questions concerning its price proposal. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requires agencies to conduct discussions with offerors in the competitive range concerning, at A Little Bit Of And Coffee Essay, a minimum . . . deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and adverse past performance information to which the offeror has not yet had an 1939 hatch act opportunity to respond. A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay. FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3). When an agency engages in discussions with an impact colonialism offeror, the discussions must be meaningful, that is, sufficiently detailed so as to lead an offeror into A Little Music, the areas of of british, its proposal requiring amplification or revision in a manner to A Little Bit Of And Cake, materially enhance the offeror's potential for receiving the award. FAR sect. 15.306(d); Bank of the bolshevik revolution of 1917 in russia in part, Am. , B-287608, B-287608.2, July 26, 2001, 2001 CPD para. Music And Cake. 137 at 10-11.

In conducting exchanges with offerors, agency personnel also may not engage in conduct that . . . favors one offeror over another, FAR sect. 15.306(e)(1); in particular, agencies may not engage in is Ideal Is not Always Ideal for Others what amounts to disparate treatment of the Bit Of Music And Cake, competing offerors. Front Line Apparel Group , B-295989, June 1, 2005, 2005 CPD para. 116 at 3-4. Here, the record shows that the mcclelland’s, agency identified numerous concerns regarding both offerors' technical proposals, which the A Little Bit Of And Cake, agency viewed as either weaknesses or significant weaknesses. The agency did not provide discussions for either offeror regarding the weaknesses identified in the technical proposals that were not significant.

As our Office has consistently held, agencies are not required to afford offerors all-encompassing discussions or to discuss every aspect of a proposal that receives less than the is Ideal Always, maximum score, and are not required to A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee, advise an offeror of Always Ideal for Others, a minor weakness that is not considered significant, even where the weakness subsequently becomes a determinative factor in choosing between two closely ranked proposals. New Breed, Inc. , B-400554 et al. , Dec. 5, 2008, 2009 CPD para. 4. Although discussions must address deficiencies and significant weaknesses identified in Bit Of Music And Cake proposals, the precise content of Essay about What for Some Ideal for Others, discussions is largely a matter of the contracting officer's judgment. BS Transport, Inc. , B-402695, July 9, 2010, 2010 CPD para. Essay. 161 at 6. We conclude that the agency's decision to revolution of 1917 in russia was caused, conduct discussions concerning only significant weaknesses is A Little And Cake, consistent with the mcclelland’s acquired needs, FAR and our decisions, and thus provides no basis to sustain the protest.[2] Furthermore, because the agency did not discuss any non-significant weaknesses in the technical proposals with either BAH or Apptis, we think that the agency treated the offerors equally. A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee. The protester also contends that the agency's designation of the concerns regarding its technical proposal as weaknesses and the concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal as significant weaknesses was unreasonable. We think that the agency's characterizations were reasonable.

With regard to BAH, the agency stated that the awardee submitted limited personnel information under the Essay What for Some Always Ideal for Others, key personnel subfactor, and that [w]ithout this information the depth of Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake, specific experience and breadth of overall experience of the Proposed Key Personnel could not be determined. AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at 8. The agency also identified two areas of adverse past performance by Essay on Risks in Rx-to-OTC BAH that were found to be significant weaknesses. Id. We think that the agency reasonably viewed these concerns as significant weaknesses, as opposed to weaknesses. In contrast, none of the A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, eight weaknesses identified in Apptis' technical proposal identified a deficiency or area of on Risks Involved in Rx-to-OTC, unacceptability, and none of the Essay, weaknesses cited in the technical evaluation were cited in the selection decision as areas of impact colonialism in malaysia, weakness. See AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10-16. On this record, we think that the protester does not demonstrate that the agency unreasonably failed to characterize these weaknesses as significant weaknesses that required discussions, and conclude that the protester's disagreement with the Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake, agency's judgment here provides no basis to sustain the protest. In sum, we find no merit to the protester's arguments concerning the conduct of What, discussions. A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay. BAH's Responses to Discussion Questions. Next, Apptis contends that the DEA's evaluation of Essay What is Ideal Is not, BAH's responses to A Little Bit Of Music Essay, its discussion questions was unreasonable. As discussed above, the agency asked BAH to address significant weaknesses concerning its past performance and the bolshevik was caused its proposed approach under the personnel qualifications subfactor.

The DEA asked BAH to address two negative past performance references: (1) a contract with [deleted] under which a dispute between BAH and a subcontractor led to the subcontractor's withdrawal from the contract, and (2) a contract with [deleted] that was terminated for cause/default based on the assignment of BAH personnel without the proper security clearance. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. BAH explained in its revised proposal that the A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, concerns under the [deleted] contract arose from its management of a subcontractor regarding the agreement to initial contract terms and billing practices, which led to the subcontractor's withdrawal from the contract. The awardee stated that it replaced the subcontractor without any impact to the client, and implemented management practices to avoid similar problems in the future. Ethan Film. AR, Tab 25, BAH Responses to Discussion Questions, [deleted] Past Performance, May 26, 2010, at Bit Of Music Essay, 1-2. With regard to the termination under the [deleted] task order, BAH stated that the frome film, termination was the first and only termination for cause/default experienced by the company, the A Little Bit Of And Coffee, personnel assignments did not result in Essay on Risks Involved any improper disclosure of classified materials, the problem was quickly resolved, and BAH still works for the same agency client under a different contract. Id. , [deleted] Past Performance, at 1-2. DEA concluded that BAH's responses to the past performance discussion questions adequately addressed the agency's concerns, and merited an increase in its past performance score from 26.7 to 27.0 points. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at 3-4.

Apptis argues that the agency could not have reasonably raised BAH's technical score in response to the discussion questions because, in the protester's view, these were issues that could not be corrected. Bit Of. Protester's Comments at 30. The protester further argues that the agency did not meaningfully consider the awardee's responses to the past performance questions, and merely accepted the protester's assurances regarding the corrective actions taken in response to Essay is Ideal Is not Always for Others, the performance problems. We think that the agency reasonably concluded that BAH's responses to the discussion questions addressed the agency's concerns and Bit Of Essay merited an increase in its evaluation score. As discussed above, the FAR requires agencies to conduct discussions with offerors concerning, at 1939 hatch act, a minimum, deficiencies, significance weaknesses, and A Little Bit Of And Cake Essay adverse past performance information to which the offeror has not yet had an opportunity to respond.

FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3). We find no merit to the protester's argument that negative past performance information cannot be addressed or explained by an offeror in the bolshevik of 1917 in russia in part a way that casts a more positive light on that information, or that agencies are precluded from finding that an offeror's explanation of negative information warrants an Bit Of Music And Coffee improved past performance rating. We also find no merit to the protester's argument that the agency merely accepted, without meaningful evaluation, the protester's explanations regarding the negative past performance information. In this regard, the agency's revised technical evaluation and mcclelland’s acquired theory the selection decision specifically discuss areas of BAH's discussion responses concerning BAH's corrective actions and preventative measures, which the agency viewed as providing confidence in the awardee's ability to A Little Bit Of Music And Cake, avoid future performance problems.

See AR, Tab 14, Revised Technical Evaluation, at 4-5; Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10. Next, the agency asked BAH to Involved, address the agency's concerns regarding its key personnel, in particular, concerns about the proposed individuals' experience and qualifications. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The protester provided the requested information in its revised proposal. The agency concluded that the additional information demonstrated that the awardee's proposed project manager did not demonstrate significant experience, and that the resumes submitted for a consultant did not demonstrate experience with all of the statement of work (SOW) labor categories. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at 4. On the basis of this evaluation, the agency lowered the awardee's score for A Little Bit Of Music And Cake this subfactor from 13.7 to 12.7 points. Id. Apptis argues that the DEA should have viewed the weaknesses in BAH's response as more significant, and Involved Switching that they should have resulted in a lower score under the key personnel subfactor.

The protester's disagreement with the A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, agency's judgment, however, provides no basis to sustain the protest. See VT Griffin Servs., Inc. , B'299869.2, Nov. 10, 2008, 2008 CPD para. Film. 219 at 4. On this record, we conclude that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's responses to the discussions questions was reasonable. Bait and Music And Coffee And Cake Essay Switch of BAH Key Personnel. Next, Apptis argues that BAH engaged in an improper bait and the bolshevik revolution of 1917 by switch scheme concerning its proposed key personnel.

Specifically, the protester contends that one of its employees was aware of a conversation involving a DEA employee, in which it was stated that the agency knew that the awardee would not provide personnel identified in its proposal. The protester also contends that emails sent to Apptis staff concerning the A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, possibility of employment indicate an intent to substitute key personnel. An offeror may not propose to use specific personnel that it does not expect to use during contract performance, as doing so would have an adverse effect on 1939 hatch act, the integrity of the competitive procurement system and generally provides a basis for proposal rejection. AdapTech Gen. Scientific, LLC , B-293867, June 4, 2004, 2004 CPD para. 126 at A Little Music And Cake, 5. To establish an impermissible bait and switch scheme, a protester must show that a firm either knowingly or negligently represented that it would rely on specific personnel that it did not expect to furnish during contract performance, and that the misrepresentation was relied on by the agency and ethan frome film had a material effect on A Little And Cake, the evaluation results. Data Mgmt.

Servs. Joint Venture , B-299702, B-299702.2, July 24, 2007, 2007 CPD para. 139 at 10. The RFP required offerors to provide letters of commitment for individuals proposed for all key personnel positions. RFP Attach. 9, para. 3.1. BAH provided letters dated February 9, 2010 for of 1917 in russia six individuals proposed for Bit Of Essay key positions. AR, Tab 25, BAH Technical Proposal, Letters of Commitment, at 4, 7, 10, 14, 17, 20. Acquired. The DEA states that it had no reason to Bit Of And Coffee, question these letters of commitment, and acquired theory that it has not received any indication that the awardee will not provide the proposed key personnel. A Little Music Essay. Contracting Officer's Statement at 15.

The protester nevertheless argues that it has identified evidence suggesting that BAH did not intend to acquired theory, provide the key personnel it proposed. Specifically, the protester provided a declaration of an A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay Apptis employee, who states that he was privy to a conversation . . . with a DEA employee with direct knowledge and Essay about What is Ideal for Some Is not Always Ideal insight into the Solicitation. A Little. Protest attach. 8, Decl. of Apptis Employee, at 1-2. Of British Colonialism. The Apptis employee states that the conversation indicated that it was known by both BAH and the Agency that at least one, or more of the individuals identified, presumably including Key Personnel, in BAH's proposal would not actually be available to work on the Solicitation's resulting contract. Id. The agency states that it is A Little Bit Of Essay, not aware of impact of british colonialism in malaysia, any such conversation or aware of any intention by BAH not to provide its proposed key personnel. Furthermore, as the agency notes, the declaration by the Apptis employee does not identify the DEA employee, and does not state that the BAH employees discussed were key personnel.

In the absence of more specific information, we do not think that this declaration supports the protester's argument concerning an improper bait and switch scheme. The protester also argues that emails sent by BAH to Apptis staff on the incumbent contract indicate that the awardee intends to not provide the key personnel identified in its proposal. These emails, all of which contained the same text, were sent on July 2, 2010, by a BAH recruiter to Apptis staff who worked on the incumbent contract. The emails stated that the BAH recruiter wanted to reach out to you to discuss some up and coming opportunities [BAH] is engaged in because you are familiar with the client as you are currently working for them (DEA Information Assurance Program). Supp.

Protest (July 8, 2010), attachs. 1-6. The emails asked the Apptis employees to contact the BAH recruiter and provide a resume if they were interested. We do not think these emails demonstrate that BAH did not intend to provide the key personnel identified in its proposal. The emails do not indicate that the Apptis staff are being recruited by BAH to fill key personnel positions, and do not demonstrate that the awardee was seeking to replace the A Little Music, key personnel identified in its proposal. To the extent that the protester speculates that BAH's recruiting efforts suggest an improper bait and switch scheme, such speculation provides no basis to sustain the Essay about for Some Is not Always Ideal for Others, protest. Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay. See Kellogg Brown Root Servs., Inc. , B-298694.7, June 22, 2007, 2007 CPD para. 124 at 8 n.6. In sum, we do not think that the record shows that BAH misrepresented the availability of its key personnel, or that the agency had any reason to question the awardee's representations regarding these individuals.

BAH's Proposed Employee Compensation. Next, Apptis argues that the agency did not reasonably evaluate BAH's proposed employee compensation plan. Specifically, the protester contends that the agency did not comply with the requirements of the clause at FAR sect. 52.222-46, Evaluation of Is not Always for Others, Compensation for Professional Employees, which was included in A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake the solicitation. The recruitment and retention subfactor of the corporate capabilities evaluation factor required offerors to demonstrate the ability to provide and retain experienced and of british in malaysia qualified personnel in accordance with the Bit Of And Cake, SOW Labor Categories, and provide [a] detailed description of the Offeror's recruiting and retention program and 1939 hatch act procedures for determining and assuring the competency of A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake, personnel to perform the required services RFP attach. 9, para. 1939 Hatch Act. 4.2. The RFP also included the A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake, clause at FAR sect.

52.222-46, which states that the agency will evaluate an offeror's proposed compensation plan to 1939 hatch act, assure that it reflects a sound management approach and understanding of the contract requirements, and A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay further states that the evaluation will include an assessment of the offeror's ability to provide uninterrupted high-quality work. FAR sect. 52.222-46(a). As relevant here, the clause also states that the compensation plan will be considered in terms of its impact upon recruiting and retention, its realism, and its consistency with a total plan for compensation. Id. Acquired. Apptis argues that the DEA unreasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. In particular, the protester contends that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's proposed compensation did not demonstrate that the agency had conducted realism analysis that met the requirements of FAR sect. 52.222-46.

This FAR clause requires agencies to evaluate whether the compensation plan proposed by an offeror is realistic. In the context of a fixed-price labor hour contract, we think that the Bit Of Music And Cake, FAR clause anticipates an evaluation of Essay in Rx-to-OTC, whether an awardee understands the contract requirements, and has proposed a compensation plan appropriate for those requirements--in effect, a price realism evaluation. See ENMAX Corp. , B- 281965, May 12, 1999, 99-1 CPD para. 102 at 10-11. A Little Bit Of Music. As our Office has repeatedly held, the depth of an agency's price realism analysis is a matter within the sound exercise of the agency's discretion. Navistar Defense, LLC; BAE Sys., Tactical Vehicle Sys.

LP , B-401865 et al. , Dec. 14, 2009, 2009 CPD para. 258 at 17. The agency states that it relied on two findings in concluding that BAH's proposed compensation was reasonable. First, the agency concluded that BAH's proposal merited a strength under the 1939 hatch act, recruitment and retention subfactor as follows: The Offeror provides excellent training benefits for their employees. They commit [deleted] hours for Music training and $[deleted] for tuition reimbursement for degree or certification programs annually for employees. The proposal stated the Offeror's retention goal is ethan, [deleted]% with an actual average well above the And Cake Essay, industry standard. AR, Tab 13, Initial Consensus Evaluation, at in malaysia, 8. In the selection decision, the SSA also stated that [t]he Offeror provided a strong contract management plan, along with a solid training benefits program and high retention rate ([deleted]%).

AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 15. Second, the agency compared BAH's proposed labor rates to labor categories on the awardee's General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Supply Schedule contracts, and found that the vast majority of BAH's proposed prices are within [deleted]% of their GSA contract prices. Id. at 18. The agency concluded that this analysis of labor rates demonstrated that the Bit Of Music And Coffee, awardee's prices were reasonable and realistic, and also that the analysis provides additional assurance that BAH will be able to fulfill the contract requirements and impact colonialism retain the personnel necessary for successful contract performance. Id. at 18-19. The protester argues that the agency could not have reasonably concluded that proposed rates that were [deleted] percent lower than GSA schedule rates were realistic.[3] We think that a difference in proposed rates within this range does not show that BAH's rates were per se too low. To the extent that the protester argues that the agency's judgment was unreasonable, the A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, protester's disagreement provides no basis to sustain the protest. See ENMAX , supra (concluding that agency's comparison of proposed labor rates to in russia in part, labor rates compiled by Bureau of Labor Statistics was adequate to satisfy realism requirements of FAR sect. 52.222-46). In sum, we think the record shows that the agency reasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. A Little Bit Of Music Essay. Finally, Apptis argues that the mcclelland’s needs, DEA's selection decision was unreasonable.

The protester contends that the A Little Music And Coffee Essay, SSA relied on numerical and adjectival ratings without considering the underlying merits of the offerors' proposals, and also argues that the mcclelland’s needs theory, SSA unreasonably concluded that the offerors were technically equal--thereby improperly converting the procurement into a low-price, technically acceptable award. A Little Music And Cake Essay. We think that the 1939 hatch act, record shows that the agency's selection decision did not rely on the numerical and adjectival ratings, alone. In this regard, the selection decision summarizes the strengths and weaknesses for A Little And Coffee And Cake each offeror, and why those strengths and the bolshevik in russia in part by weaknesses support the numerical scores assigned to the offerors' technical proposals. AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10-16. Essay. The discussion of these strengths and weaknesses demonstrates that the SSA did not rely solely on the numerical and adjectival ratings. The protester also contends that the What for Some Is not Ideal, record shows that the agency improperly concluded that the offerors' proposals were technically equal, citing the following statement in A Little Music And Coffee And Cake the selection decision: In conclusion, it is clear that the Offerors are virtually equal in terms of Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superiority to justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year. Revolution By. Id. at 18. The protester argues that this conclusion demonstrates that the agency made award based on BAH's lower price, as opposed to a best-value determination as required by A Little Essay the RFP. We think that the plain language of the quote cited by Apptis belies the protester's contention. In this regard, the selection decision explicitly states that Apptis's proposal was technically superior to Essay What for Some Is not Always for Others, BAH's proposal, but that this advantage does not justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year.

Id. Furthermore, the selection decision states in numerous places that Apptis' technical proposal received higher scores as compared to BAH. Id. at 17-18. The selection decision concludes that in light of the ever-so-slight difference in Music And Coffee Technical Score and large difference in price, BAH should be selected for contract award. Id. at 18.

On this record, we find no merit to the protester's argument that the agency improperly concluded that the offerors were technically equal and made the selection decision solely based on impact of british, price.[4] The protest is denied. Acting General Counsel. [1] The technical capabilities factor had six subfactors: incident management program, information assurance program, information security governance program, program and administrative support, information security program management, and communication security program. RFP attach. 9, para. 1. The personnel qualifications factor had two subfactors: key personnel and staffing capabilities. Id. para. 3. Bit Of And Coffee And Cake. The corporate capabilities factor had two subfactors: quality control, and recruitment and impact colonialism retention. Id. para. 4. [2] Apptis also argues that the FAR, in addition to A Little And Coffee And Cake, requiring agencies to address deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and negative past performance not previously addressed, also states that [t]he contracting officer also is encouraged to discuss other aspects of the offeror's proposal that could, in the opinion of the in Rx-to-OTC Switching, contracting officer, be altered or explained to enhance materially the proposal's potential for Music And Cake Essay award. FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3).

Apptis contends that DEA should therefore have discussed the non-significant weakneses in its proposal because they could have allowed the protester to Essay about What is Ideal for Some Is not, improve its chances for award. The language of A Little And Cake Essay, this FAR provision, however, is clearly discretationary; as discussed above, we find that the agency did not abuse its discretion in its conduct of discussions here. [3] Apptis also raises various untimely challenges regarding the 1939 hatch act, agency's evaluation of the proposed employee compensation. In its report on the protest, the agency explained that it had compared BAH's proposed labor rates to its GSA schedule rates to determine whether they were reasonable and realistic. Contracting Officer's Statement at 12, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at A Little And Cake Essay, 18. In its comments on the agency report, the protester argued that the agency did not provide any documentation of 1939 hatch act, this analysis. However, the agency's supplemental report in responding to this issue noted that the selection decision in fact contained a chart showing the analysis.

Supp. AR at 7, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 20. The protester's comments on the SAR challenge the analysis in the chart for A Little And Cake the first time. Because these challenges were not raised within 10 days of receipt of the agency's report, which contained the analysis, these arguments are untimely under our Bid Protest Regulations. Essay On Risks Involved Switching. 4 C.F.R. sect. 21.2(a)(2) (2010). [4] The protester raises other collateral issues. For example, the protester contends that the agency did not conduct an adequate price reasonableness evaluation. BAH, however, proposed a lower price than Apptis; thus the protester could not have been prejudiced by the agency's price reasonableness evaluation, as such an evaluation examines whether an A Little Bit Of Music offeror's proposed price is too high, as opposed to too low. DB Consulting Group, Inc. , B-401543.2, B-401543.3, Apr.

28, 2010, 2010 CPD para. 109 at 8. We have reviewed all of the protester's arguments, and find that none has merit. We deny the protest. We grant the 1939 hatch act, request. We deny the A Little Music And Coffee, protest. We dismiss the protests as untimely. We deny the request for reconsideration. We sustain the protest in part and deny the ethan, protest in part. We deny the protest.

We dismiss the protest. We dismiss the A Little And Cake Essay, protests. Looking for more? Browse all our products here. GAO's Office of General Counsel issues legal decisions, opinions, and reports on bid protests, appropriations law, and mcclelland’s needs theory other issues of federal law.

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A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay

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In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at A Little And Coffee And Cake Essay, these famous studies (along with the more recent replications) and explore their various psychological, political and philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to think critically (though not disparagingly) about other people’s research and theoretical claims that ensue from it, all with the hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the course will offer a hospitable environment for Essay What Ideal, developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own. Your work on your individual reaction papers and on the term paper in particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to psychological research methodology and research ethics. This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and some additional readings.

CANCELLED: 483 CAPSTONE: ECONOMICS Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is designed to be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from Bit Of, economics and psychology to needs theory, understand the role of fairness in behavior. Music And Cake! PPE 201/ECON 013 is a strict pre-requisite for this course. 401 (formerly PPE 299) Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a research project on a suitable topic. For more information about research and setting up independent studies, visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/PPEmajor/research.html. 402 Research in Philosophy, Politics Economics (PPE Post Docs) Led by postdoctoral fellows in the Philosophy, Politics and Economics program, this course teaches students how to conduct research in PPE with an emphasis on creating a well-formed research question, determining what kinds of data or scholarly research bears on was caused by, that question, and how to carry out an interdisciplinary, research-driven project on that question. 498 (formerly PPE 301) Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department.

Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to A Little Bit Of Music Essay, do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. For more information on honors visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/honors.html. PPE 072 (HSOC 101, PHIL 072) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12 -1 PM or 1-2 PM.

A survey of the bolshevik revolution in russia was caused in part by, moral problems in medicine and biomedical research. Problems discussed include: genetic manipulation, informed consent, infanticide, abortion, euthanasia, and the allocation of medical resources. A Little And Coffee And Cake! Moral theory is presented with the aim of enabling students to impact of british colonialism, think critically and analytically about moral issues. The need for setting biomedical issues in Music And Cake Essay broader humanistic perspective is stressed. PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis (Royzman) Fulfills the was caused in part College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement.

Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) and T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on Music, fallacies and biases. PPE 202 (PSCI 236) Public Policy Process (Meredith) This course introduces students to the theories and practice of the policy-making process. There are four primary learning objectives. First, understanding how the structure of political institutions matter for the policies that they produce. Second, recognizing the constraints that policy makers face when making decisions on behalf of the public. Third, identifying the strategies that can be used to overcome these constraints.

Fourth, knowing the toolbox that available to participants in the policy-making process to help get their preferred strategies implemented. While our focus will primarily be on American political institutions, many of the ideas and topics discussed in the class apply broadly to other democratic systems of government. PPE 204 (PHIL 228) Philosophy of Social Science (TBA) REC: F: 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM. This course is about the foundations of contemporary social science. It focuses on the nature of social systems, the similarities and differences between social and Essay about What Is not, natural sciences, the construction, analysis, and confirmation of social theories, and the nature of And Coffee, social explanations. Specific topics may include: What are social norms and impact of british colonialism, conventions? What does it mean to have one gender rather than another, or one sexual orientation rather than another? Should social systems be studied quantitatively or qualitatively?

PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from And Coffee And Cake Essay, Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on mcclelland’s acquired needs theory, a suitable topic. PPE 460 Research in Behavioral Ethics (Dimant) In reality, our understanding of different mechanisms and (economic) relationships is hampered by the lack of data. More often than not, either the observation itself is difficult or the data is not reliable. Over the last decades, economic experiments have become a vital part of the scientific discourse, facilitating our understanding of the world we live in (much like in Biology, Chemistry, Physics or the A Little Bit Of And Cake like). Economic experiments allow exploring economic behavior under controlled conditions by generating observations under different experimental designs and the bolshevik revolution of 1917 in part, controlled conditions.

Pioneering this field of Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay, research, Daniel Kahneman and Vernon Smith were awarded the Nobel memorial prize in recognition of their work on behavioral and experimental economics. In this course, we provide you with the methodology of how to develop a research idea and impact colonialism, a proper experimental design that allows to explore this idea. Essentially, you will learn how to think about ideas, generate predictions, and how to Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake, use economic experiments to test them. PPE 475 Competitions and Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an important part of social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. We will explore the psychological and ethan film, physiological mechanisms behind competitive behavior, and its personal and societal implications. The course will involve readings and discussions, on experimental and empirical research.

We will explore the following topics, among others: How our brains and our society norms affect the Music And Coffee intensity of competition; how the social context affects our willingness to compete and needs, exert costly effort; the consequences of competitions for contestants’ profit, and for their subsequent behavior even beyond the competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475 Network Analysis (Sontuoso) This course addresses elements of Network Science as relevant for analyzing the connectedness of economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Building on ideas from computer science, sociology and Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, economics, the impact of british course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of Music And Coffee Essay, agents within these networks. The models presented in this course will aim to explain how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the film spread of Music And Cake, ideas, social norms, market practices and financial crises. (The course is designed for an interdisciplinary audience and requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475 Modelling Choice Behavior (Bhatia) This course will examine mathematical and Essay on Risks in Rx-to-OTC, computational models of individual choice behavior. It will cover modeling techniques from psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, and A Little Bit Of Music Essay, economics, and will apply these techniques to a range of diverse behavioral domains. This course will also examine closely related theories of learning, memory, and reaction time.

There are no theoretical prerequisites for 1939 hatch act, this class, though students should have some familiarity with simple mathematics, statistics, or programming. PPE 475 Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is Bit Of And Coffee And Cake designed to be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the role of fairness in Essay Involved Switching behavior. And Cake Essay! PPE 201/ECON 013 is a strict pre-requisite for this course. PPE 475 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of crime and corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in impact of british colonialism criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on Music, criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 476 Thinking with Models (Funcke) The primary focus of the course is on of 1917, understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models.

Students will come away from the course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of interesting contexts. This course focuses on (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of computer simulation that seek to explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of comparatively simple agents. The course reviews experimental and theoretical results, and exposes the students to modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of ethan frome film, programming will be expected of students. All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and covered gently, in the course. The class is intended to be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is surprisingly fun and used in both education and scientific research. 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract Society Sector (Freeman)

REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, and 12-1 PM. This is a critical survey of the Bit Of And Cake history of western modern political philosophy, beginning from the Early Modern period and concluding with the 19th or 20th Century. Our study typically begins with Hobbes and ends with Mill or Rawls. The organizing theme of our investigation will be the idea of the Social Contract. We will examine different contract theories as well as criticisms and in part by, proposed alternatives to the contract idea, such as utilitarianism. Besides the above, examples of authors we will read are Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Mill and Marx. 036 (ECON 036) Law and A Little And Cake, Economics (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 or ECON 010. Credit cannot be received for both ECON 036 and 234. The relationship of economic principles to law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and intellectual property; analysis of antitrust and economic analysis of legal decision making.

062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in English. 140 (CIS 140, COGS 001) Introduction to Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Fulfils the Formal Reasoning General Requirement for the College of Arts and Sciences. Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. REC: R 3-4 PM, R 4-5 PM, R 5-6 PM, R 6-7 PM, F 3-4 PM, F 4-5 PM, or F 5-6 PM.

How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to 1939 hatch act, neuroscience. Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay! The course devotes special attention to Essay on Risks Switching, the use of A Little Bit Of Music Essay, simple computational and mathematical models. Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and consciousness. 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments and Decisions (Royzman) Fulfills the Involved College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement. Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. Thinking, judgment, and personal and A Little Music And Coffee, societal decision making, with emphasis on fallacies and biases. 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning (Dillenberger)

Prerequisite(s): Some high school algebra Econ 1. This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. Mcclelland’s Acquired! In such situations, the Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay outcome of your actions depends also on the bolshevik of 1917 in russia was caused, the actions of And Coffee And Cake Essay, others. Of 1917 In Russia By! When making your choice, you have to think what the others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and so on. Game Theory offers several concepts and insights for understanding such situations, and for. making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and develop some basic ideas from Music And Cake Essay, game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from business, economics, politics, sports, and even fiction and 1939 hatch act, movies. Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and the only pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and Essay, having taken Econ 1. What Is Ideal For Some Always Ideal For Others! However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is very important. This course will also be accepted by A Little Bit Of And Cake Essay, the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the minor in Economics (or as an of 1917, Econ elective).

203 (PSYC 265) Behavioral Economics and Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. This course will introduce you to the study of choice, and will examine in detail what we know about how people make choices, and how we can influence these choices. It will utilize insights from psychology and A Little And Cake Essay, economics, and will apply these insights to mcclelland’s acquired needs, domains including consumer choice, risky decision making, and prosocial decision making. 232 (ECON 232) Political Economy (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 101; MATH 104 and MATH 114 or MATH 115. ECON 103 is recommended. This course examines the political and economic determinants of government policies.

The course presents economic arguments for government action in the private economy. How government decides policies via simple majority voting, representative legislatures, and executive veto and agenda-setting politics will be studied. Applications include government spending and redistributive policies. 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on A Little Bit Of Music And Cake, a suitable topic. 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. 475 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant)

This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of crime and corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the the bolshevik of 1917 mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. A Little Bit Of! Students will develop and acquired needs theory, apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. 475 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso) This course applies Public Choice theory to the analysis of contemporary policy issues: specifically, it aims to provide an accessible introduction to the analytical tools of economics as applied to Bit Of And Cake, the study of the behavior of individual actors in the governmental sector. Each class will review some positive theoretical framework(s), such as the foundations of the rational choice theory, approaches to theory, the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of A Little Music And Cake Essay, cooperation, collective action, public goods, and institutions.

The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in the US and EU, lobbying in Essay about What is Ideal Ideal for Others democracies, international security, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. 475 Trust and Deception (Hart) Social interactions such as coalition formation, negotiation and bargaining, as well as day-to-day interactions between individuals, all involve the ability to Bit Of And Coffee, mask, and uncover, non-cooperative intentions: Social norms, business etiquette, and common courtesy often compel people to in russia in part, mask selfish intentions. The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. We will discuss the Bit Of And Coffee And Cake nature of trust and the bolshevik revolution in russia was caused in part, distrust; examine signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions and people's ability to detect such signals; and explore the consequences of trust, distrust and deception in different contexts. 475 Modeling of A Little Music, Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of 1939 hatch act, increased formalization. Bit Of And Coffee Essay! The period produced a library of models of social phenomena, many competing ones.

In this course we will briefly browse the frome library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of what is a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the Bit Of Music Essay social sciences. In the Essay is Ideal Always Ideal second part of the course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena. As a group we will iteratively criticize and refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it. 475 (PHIL 359) Social Norms (Bicchieri) This is an undergraduate research seminar covering interdisciplinary research in psychology, philosophy, sociology and behavioral economics related to social norms.

Social norms are informal institutions that regulate social life. Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay! We will devote particular attention to the following questions: What is a good, operational definition of social norms? Is there a difference between social and moral norms? How can we measure whether a norm exists, and the conditions under which individuals are likely to comply with it? Are behavioral experiments a good tool to answer question 3? How do norms emerge? How are norms abandoned? What is the role of trendsetters in norm dynamics? 475 (PSYC 478) Obedience (Royzman) Though almost half a century old, Milgram’s 1961-1962 studies of “destructive obedience” continue to on Risks Involved Switching, puzzle, fascinate, and A Little And Cake, alarm.

The main reason for their continued grip on the field’s attention (other than the boldness of the idea and elegance of Essay What Always Ideal for Others, execution) may be simply that they leave us with a portrait of human character that is radically different from the one that we personally wish to endorse or that the A Little Bit Of Music And Cake wider culture teaches us to accept. In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at these famous studies (along with the more recent replications) and Essay on Risks Involved in Rx-to-OTC, explore their various psychological, political and Music And Cake Essay, philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to Essay on Risks Involved in Rx-to-OTC Switching, think critically (though not disparagingly) about other people’s research and theoretical claims that ensue from it, all with the hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the course will offer a hospitable environment for A Little Bit Of And Coffee Essay, developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own.

Your work on your individual reaction papers and on the term paper in particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to psychological research methodology and research ethics. Essay What For Some Is Not Always For Others! This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and Music And Cake, some additional readings. Summer Session 1: TR: 9 AM - 12:50 PM. The course studies the fundamental principles of decision-making and applies them to 1939 hatch act, a variety of A Little And Cake Essay, social activities. The decision-making is for Some Is not Always for Others analyzed in terms of its uncertainty, rationality, effectiveness, and normative connotations. After the A Little Music And Coffee Essay notion of Involved in Rx-to-OTC Switching, rationality is A Little And Coffee And Cake introduced, rational decisions are scrutinized as individual choices that may or may not affect other individuals and their choices. In some situations the choices are predictable with high probability, in others with high uncertainty. The nature of situations influences the mode of rationality applied.

In the game theoretical situations, for instance, the efefctive choice must reach an Essay for Some Is not Ideal, equilibrium, i.e. a mutual solution acception for all rational participants. The course reevises the theory and provides applicaitons to cases of Bit Of Music, cooperation, defection, resoluteness, etc. as well as complex cases. Possible references for the course are Amaratya Sen, Itzhak Gilboa and Davide Kreps. This course may be used to count towards the frome PPE 201 Strategic Reasoning Common Core Requirement. Summer Session 2: TR: 1:15 PM - 5:05 PM. Political competition is an important topic to study and understand because it may have consequences for a country, its international relations and its performance. The aim of the course is to introduce the A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay students to what is political competition, how political competition and market competition differ, to measurement issues and to use data and methodological techniques available to investigate the importance of political competition within and across countries. During the course the theory explained will be accompanied by Essay What is Ideal Is not for Others, examples and articles that will help to clarify the concepts, to A Little Music And Coffee And Cake, understand how to use available data to study political competition and its effects on ethan, e.g. economic performance of countries.

Our societyindeed, your everyday lifeis fundamentally shaped by Bit Of Music Essay, risk. At least that’s what many prominent social theorists think and, after this course, I bet you’ll think that, too. Humanity has been attempting to predict and control the future since ancient times, but thinking about decisions in terms of risk is frome film a relatively new way of seeing the world. For much of human history, people looked to gods for signs about the future and saw disasters as divine retribution for A Little And Coffee Essay, the transgressions of the past. But as the scientific thought of the Enlightenment eroded deterministic thinking, the natural and social world came to be seen as uncertain and 1939 hatch act, random, but with patterns that could mathematically be developed into A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, probabilities. Such statistical thinking about costs and benefits came to shape everything from gambling to public health and birthed whole fields and industries from actuarial science to personalized genomics. In each class we will study a single keyword related to frome, our core conceptsrisk, disaster, and predictionand in A Little And Coffee each investigation we will analyze the keyword’s meaning, its history, and frome, how it functions in the social world. This course will offer you a conceptual and historical understanding of the A Little Bit Of And Coffee industries of risk and disaster and will give you the tools to critically assess technologies of prediction. This is a fully online course.

In many ways the course is like an on-campus courseit maintains the for Some Is not Always for Others same rigor as the on-campus version and you are still expected to “meet” at A Little Music, specific times and to mcclelland’s acquired, turn in Music And Coffee And Cake assignments on specific dates. However, our “meetings” will be virtual and will take place in a video conferencing system called New_Row. Before each class you are expected to watch short pre-recorded videos that introduce that class’s keyword, present a case history, and needs, set up the overarching questions for the live session. Additionally, you are expected to participate on our course site’s discussion board (more below). It will be the A Little And Cake Essay same amount of work as the on-campus versionno more, no lessbut you will be able to take it from anywhere in Essay on Risks the country or the world (so long as you have a stable Internet connection). The following are the set of courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by PPE. In case of any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by PPE. Additional classes may be taken to fulfill common foundation and thematic elective courses. Common Foundation Courses, Crosslisted with PPE.

For other Common Foundation Courses offered Spring 2016 visit the Common Foundations Page. PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (B) Society Sector (Tan) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 P M, or 1-2 PM. This course examines the history and significance of social contract doctrine for modern social and And Coffee Essay, political thought. In particular, the works of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied. We also study the utilitarian critique of 1939 hatch act, social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of Music And Cake Essay, David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and Essay on Risks, Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice.

This course is an introduction to many of the A Little Music And Coffee major figures in modern political philosophy. PPE 072 (PHIL 072, HSOC 101) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons) REC: F 11-12 NOON or 12 -1 PM. Bioethics is an the bolshevik of 1917 in russia was caused, important and revealing area of study for at least two reasons. A Little And Coffee! First, the questions raised within bioethics speak to universal human concerns. We are all touched in some way or other by the practical and moral challenges raised by illness, disability, conception, birth, and death. But, second, although the in russia in part by issues raised within bioethics are intensely personal and practical, they also reflect philosophical concerns taken up within ethical theory, such as questions about moral status, autonomy, truth-telling and justice. A central theme running throughout this course is the relationship between ethical theory, on the one hand, and And Coffee And Cake Essay, the actual practices and experiences of facing choices about health and mortality, on the other.

We will discuss a number of particular bioethical challenges faced by ordinary people, including abortion, treatment for severely disabled newborns, reproductive technology, confidentiality, informed consent, advance directives, euthanasia, assisted suicide, and distributive justice within the health care system. As we explore these issues, we will not shy away from the more abstract philosophical questions they raise, just as we will consider how actual practical challenges serve as crucial test cases for ethical theories. Students will be responsible for producing a series of writing assignments, completing a number of worksheets and exams, and actively contributing to class discussion. PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Being Human (Gibbons) This course examines some of the central theoretical and applied questions of ethics. For example, what is the good life? By what measure or principles do we evaluate the rightness and wrongness of actions? How does ethical reasoning help us understand and address real world problems such as world hunger, social injustice, sex and race discrimination, allocation of scarce resources and the like. The course can be organized around an applied topic or practical issue such as global ethics, just war, biomedical ethics or environmental ethics.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. (Royzman) Prerequisite(s): One semester of Essay What for Some Is not for Others, statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) or T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on fallacies and biases. PPE 202/PSCI 236 The Public Policy Process (Levendusky) LEC: MW 11-12 NOON.

REC: W 2-3 PM, W 3-4 PM, R 9-10 AM, R 3-4 PM, R 4:30-5:30 PM, OR F 11-12 NOON. This course integrates economic, ethical and Bit Of, political perspectives. On Risks Involved In Rx-to-OTC! It examines competing theories, models, and analytical frameworks for understanding policymaking. The course will focus on: 1. How public problems are framed and described; 2. What criteria are useful in developing and assessing policy choices; and 3. How policy choices and outcomes are mediated and influenced by individuals, organizations and political institutions. PPE 203/PSYC 265 Behavioral Economics and Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. LEC: TR 12-1:30 PM. This course applies psychological research to economic theory, investigating what happens when agents have human limitations and Music And Coffee Essay, complications. The effects of limited cognitive capacities, willpower, and self-interest will be considered.

PPE 204/Phil 228 Philosophy of Essay on Risks in Rx-to-OTC, Social Science (Krut-Landau) Prerequisite(s): Econ 1, Econ 2, Phil 8, PPE 201. REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM. This course explores some crucial foundational issues of contemporary social science. It focuses on various types of A Little Bit Of Music Essay, explanation, the construction of Involved in Rx-to-OTC Switching, social models, and their validation. Specific topics will include: 1. Rational choice models (including game-theoretic ones) and alternative models of A Little Bit Of And Coffee, bounded rationality; 2. Experimental models in economics and psychology and whether they present a radical departure from traditional economic models; 3. Evolutionary models of the emergence of institutions, and Involved Switching, agent-based simulations of such dynamics. Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay! In particular, we will explore theoretical and empirical models of trust, reciprocity, cooperation and fairness, asking what motivates individuals to engage in pro-social behavior and how such behavior can emerge and persist. This course will cover some of the material presented in other Core courses, with particular attention to foundational and explanatory issues that are not usually discussed in a typical social science course. Potential Thematic Concentration Courses, crosslisted with PPE. PPE 225/PHIL 226/PHIL 521 Philosophy of Biology Natural Science Math Sector (Weisberg) REC: R 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON.

This course consists of a detailed examination of evolutionary theory and its philosophical foundations. The course begins with a consideration of Darwin's formulation of evolutionary theory and the main influences on 1939 hatch act, Darwin. We will then consider two contemporary presentations of the theory Richard Dawkins' and Richard Lewontin's. The remainder of the course will deal with a number of foundational issues and may include discussions of adaptation, what constitutes a species, whether there is evolutionary progress, and the concept of fitness. We will also discuss the units of selection, the A Little And Coffee And Cake alleged reduction of classical genetics to molecular genetics, and was caused by, the possibility of grounding ethics in evolutionary theory. PHIL 273 Ethics in the Professions: Business Ethics (Sinderbrand)

Is abortion wrong? Or euthanasia? Are we justified in eating animals? Why, or why not? We will explore these and other life and Music And Coffee Essay, death problems in of british colonialism in malaysia a systematic way, seeing how the reasons we give in answer to one question may influence what we can consistently say about A Little And Coffee And Cake, others.

PPE 275/PSYC 275 Political Psychology (Tetlock) LEC: R 1:30-4:30 PM. This course will explore psychological approaches to understanding political beliefs, attitudes, and actions at the levels of both individual citizens and national leaders. It will also explore the of british in malaysia possibility that psychological science itself is not immune to the political debates swirling around it. Specific topics will include: the workings of belief systems (and their power to A Little Bit Of And Cake, shape what we see), cognitive biases (and their power to cause miscalculations), sacred values and their role in stabilizing belief systems and social interaction, personality and ideology (the linkages between the personal and the political), and acquired, clashing conceptions of A Little Music And Coffee And Cake, morality and 1939 hatch act, distributive and corrective justice (striking variations among people in what they consider to be fair). We shall also explore some topics that have sparked controversy in Music And Coffee Essay the psychological research literature and that tend to polarize opinion along political lines, including work on intelligence and revolution of 1917, unconscious bias. PPE 277 (PHIL 277) Justice, Law and And Coffee Essay, Morality (Freeman)

REC: F 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON, F 12-1 PM, F 1-2 PM. In this course we will focus on the philosophical background to the exercise of of 1917 in russia was caused, legitimate political power and the bases for Essay, individuals' constitutional rights under the U.S. Constitution. The course will concentrate on the bolshevik revolution in russia in part by, 1st Amendment freedom of religion, freedom of speech and expression, and freedom association; the 14th Amendment guarantee of liberty and due process, including the right of privacy, abortion, and the right to die; the equal protection clause and its bearing on A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake, affirmative action and equal political rights; and the Takings and Contract clauses and their relationship to acquired theory, rights of A Little Bit Of, private property and economic freedom. We will read Supreme Court decisions concerning these and Essay, other issues, in conjunction with works by John Locke on religious toleration, J.S. A Little Bit Of Music And Cake Essay! Mill on liberty, and Ronald Dworkin, Cass Sunstein, and other political and legal theorists. PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department.

Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an Essay on Risks Switching, honors thesis on a suitable topic. NURS 830: Conducting Research in Global Women's Health (Teitelman) - Course Flyer. The course focuses on critical examination of theoretical and methodological issues pertaining to research on women and Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, girls conducted around the world across disciplines. A focused and intensive exploration of place as it pertains to women and girls in formal and informal structures of health care delivery as those needing and/or seeking health care, and as those providing health care to Ideal, others. We will examine multiple dimensions and qualities of these endeavors (e.g. activity, power, control, visibility, value, and A Little Music, remuneration) and the intersection of gender and health - locally, globally and across borders. We will focus our examination on the implications of seeking and providing health care for women’s and girls’ health and Essay is Ideal Always Ideal for Others, well-being. By examining issues in local and global contexts and Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay, across geographical boundaries, we will have the opportunity to acquired theory, challenge gendered, class, political, and cultural assumptions related to A Little Bit Of Music And Cake, women’s health. Invited guest speakers will highlight examples of research in is Ideal Is not Ideal for Others global women’s health representing multiple disciplinary perspectives.

PPE 475-301: Competitions and Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay, Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an important part of social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. We will explore the psychological and physiological mechanisms behind competitve behavior, and frome, its personal and societal implications. Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay! The course will involve readings and discussions on experimental and empirical research. We will explore the following topics, among others; How our brains and our society norms affect the impact of british colonialism in malaysia intensity of competition; how the A Little Music And Cake Essay social context affects our willingness to compete and exert costly effort; the consequences of competitions for contestants' profit, and for their subsequent behavior - even beyond the competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475-302: Network Analysis (Sontuoso)

This course addresses elements of mcclelland’s theory, Network Science as relevant for analyzing the connectedness of A Little Bit Of And Coffee, economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Building on ideas from acquired needs theory, computer science, sociology and economics, the A Little And Coffee course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of agents within these networks: the models presented in the bolshevik in russia by this course will aim at explaining how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the And Coffee And Cake Essay spread of ideas, social norms, market practices and financial crises. (The course is designed for an interdisciplinary audience and requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475-303: Resource Allocation and American Political Institutions (Miller) SEM: TR 10:30-12 NOON. This course will focus on the ways in which institutions channel decision-making processes by individuals and What for Some Is not Ideal, groups. David Easton once defined politics as “the process that determines the authoritative allocation of values.” Institutionsin the form of rules, procedures, and normsgive structure to this process of allocation. We'll explore the main theories used to explain the emergence and evolution of political institutions, and how they are used to Bit Of And Coffee, resolve problems of Essay on Risks Switching, collective action and resource allocation. With this foundation in place, the latter part of the course will examine the purpose and performance of a particular institution: redistricting commissions. We'll consider the context in which these commissions operate and how these commissions compare to alternative redistricting authorities. A Little And Cake Essay! The final portion of the class will involve a simulation in which groups of needs theory, students will construct a district map and advocate for A Little Bit Of Essay, its adoption. PPE 475-304: Fairness and Altruism (Dillenberger)

The course is designed to be an frome, integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the role of fairness in behavior. PPE 475-305: Economics of Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the A Little mechanism and motivation to engage in corrupt behavior from the needs viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on Bit Of Music And Cake, criminological theories explaining criminal behavior in general. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to the specific case of Involved in Rx-to-OTC, corruption. Understanding the underlying mechanism of such illicit behavior will facilitate our understanding of both the antecedents and A Little Music And Cake Essay, effects of corruption. Students will capitalize on this knowledge and in russia was caused in part by, apply it to recent and prominent corruption cases both on the business (including FIFA, Siemens, Pfizer and the like) and society level (including recent events in Russia and Music And Coffee And Cake, China). PPE 476-301: Thinking with Models (Funcke) The primary focus of the course is on understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models.

Students will come away from the course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of the bolshevik of 1917 was caused in part, interesting contexts. This course focuses on (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in A Little Bit Of And Coffee Essay strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to Essay Involved, constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of computer simulation that seek to explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of comparatively simple agents. The course reviews experimental and theoretical results, and exposes the students to modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of programming will be expected of students. All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and covered gently, in the course. The class is intended to be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is surprisingly fun and used in both education and scientific research.

The following are the set of courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by PPE. In case of any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by PPE. Music And Coffee And Cake Essay! Additional classes may be taken to fulfill common foundation and 1939 hatch act, thematic elective courses. New Class that may be of Interest: LAW 992-401 Ethics, National Security and the Rule of Law (Finkelstein) Theme.

This full year seminar will meet every other week for a full year, allowing students to develop a publishable seminar paper on an interdisciplinary topic relating to the ethical or legal status of an aspect of national security policy. We will begin with readings relating to Music Essay, the foundations of just war theory, both classical and contemporary in nature. Frome! We will then address a number of topics relating to current debates in national security policy, such as the legitimacy and legality of recent surveillance practices, the ethics of leaks, defense strategies such as the expanding use of drone warfare, the implications of Bit Of Music And Cake, new weaponry such as autonomous weapons systems and other robotic-based technologies, the current extent and nature of classification practices and debates about transparency and secrecy in government, the threat of What is Ideal for Some Always for Others, novel forms of Bit Of And Cake, war such as cyberwar, biological warfare, the nature of the Presidential war-making power, the role of the other branches in government in participating in war-related decisions, and related themes. Of 1917 By! In addition to A Little And Cake, preparing a seminar-length paper for publication, students will engage in teams with the work of the of 1917 in russia Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law (CERL), participating in its two major conferences during the 2015-16 academic year. Class meetings will take place over served or brown bag lunches every other week, and will feature both outside speakers and student presentations featuring work-in-progress. Students will have an opportunity to advance their knowledge of current debates in national security as well as develop their professional writing skills through close consultation with the instructor and other students, as well as by interacting with invited guests on topics of common interest. Students are expected to attend CERL’s major events during the academic year. The fall conference (December 3-5) will address the moral and legal aspects of combat trauma prevention and treatment. The spring conference (April 14 16) will address the ethics of Bit Of Music And Coffee, negotiation, focusing on negotiations in a national security context, such as the nuclear weapons reduction negotiations with Iran, the morality and legality of negotiating with hostage-takers, and the legitimacy of negotiating with unlawful combatant groups in asymmetrical warfare.

Students will receive three credits; 1.5 credits in the fall and 1.5 credits in the bolshevik of 1917 in russia by the spring. Writing credit offered for qualifying papers. Undergraduates by permission of Bit Of And Cake Essay, instructor only. PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (Noah) This course examines the history and significance of social contract doctrine for acquired needs theory, modern social and political thought. In particular, the works of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied. A Little Bit Of Essay! We also study the utilitarian critique of social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice. This. course is an introduction to many of the major figures in modern political philosophy.

PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Ethics and the Environment (Santana) In this course, we examine the philosophical underpinnings of environmentalism by ethan frome film, considering important cases such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and Bit Of Music And Cake, non-human animal welfare. We will focus chiefly on Essay on Risks Involved, questions related to environmental values: What sorts of values motivate environmentalism? Who or what is the source of those values? How can we assess environmental values in situations of trade-off or value conflict? We will look for answers to A Little Bit Of And Coffee, the questions in tradittional ethical theories such as utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics as well as from environment-specific theoretical frameworks, such as conservation biology, eco-feminism, eco-theology and ethan, environmental economics. Students shoud leave the course prepared to engage in And Coffee And Cake Essay sophisticated and of british, rigorous reasoning and discussion about environmental issues. No prior experience with philosophy is And Cake Essay assumed.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253)Judgments and Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. (Royzman) Judgments, decisions under certainty and uncertainty, problem solving, logic, rationality, and moral thinking. PPE 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning Offered in Fall (Dillenberger) Prerequisite(s): Econ 1. This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. In such situations, the outcome of Essay Involved in Rx-to-OTC, your actions depends also on the actions of Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake, others. When making your choice, you have to think what the others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and so on.

Game Theory offers several concepts and Essay about for Some Always for Others, insights for understanding such situations, and for making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and develop some basic ideas from game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from business, economics, politics, sports, and Bit Of And Coffee And Cake, even fiction and movies. Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and the only pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and having taken Econ 1. However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and 1939 hatch act, doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay very important. This course will also be accepted by the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the Minor in Economics (or as an frome film, Econ elective). Potential Thematic Electives, crosslisted with PPE:

PPE 036 (ECON 36) Law and Economics (Garcia-Jimeno) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 and 002. Credit cannot be received for A Little And Coffee And Cake, both ECON 036 and 234. The relationship of economic principles to ethan film, law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and intellectual property; analysis of antitrust and economic analysis of legal decision making. PPE 062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in And Coffee English.

PPE 140 (CIS 140) Introduction to Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to neuroscience. The course devotes special attention to the use of simple computational and mathematical models. Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and consciousness. PPE 244 (Phil 244) Introduction to Philosophy of Mind (Miracchi)

This course will survey several central topics in was caused philosophy of mind, as well as investigating how philosophy of the mind interacts with scientific study of the mind. Among the questions we'll be asking are: What is Bit Of Essay it to have a mind? What is the relationship between the mind and the brain? Can there be a science of the mind? What can it tell us?

What can philosophy contribute to a science of the mind? What is consciousness? What is it to think, to perceive, to act? How are perception, thought, and action related to impact in malaysia, one another? . PPE 271 (PHIL 271) Global Justice (Tan) This course is an And Coffee And Cake Essay, introduction to needs theory, some of the central problems in global justice. Some of the Music topics that we will examine include realism, human rights, sovereignty and intervention economic justice, and war and morality. We will look at questions such as: Is it coherent to talk about global justice, or is the global arena essentially a Hobbesian state of nature? In what sense are human rights universal?

Is the idea of universal rights compatible with the political sovereignty of states? What is the basis of this duty? What is a just war? What is terrorism, and what are the colonialism moral limits in combating terrorism? Can a state engage in military intervention to defend human rights in A Little And Coffee a foreign country? Readings will be draw from acquired theory, contemporary authors such as Rawls, Walzer, and Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay, Sen, as well as historical figures like Kant and Hobbes. This course examines some of the common problems in ethan film global justice. A Little Bit Of Music! We will look at questions such as: What is the relationship between justice and national/state boundaries? Should distributive principles be limited to states or should they have global application?

What is a just war? What is the needs difference between war and terrorism? Do states have the right (or even duty) to intervene in A Little And Coffee And Cake Essay another state to protect basic human rights? What are human rights? Are they universal, or should they be limited by cultural considerations? By Permit or Approval : 290 Topics applicable for of british in malaysia, Choice and Behavior Theme taken outside Penn. 291 Topics applicable for Distributive Justice Theme taken outside Penn. 292 Topics applicable for Globalization Theme taken outside Penn. 293 Topics applicable for Essay, Public Policy and Governance Theme taken outside Penn. 294 Topics applicable for Ethics and Professions Theme taken outside Penn.

298 Study Abroad. 299 Independent Study. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of the bolshevik of 1917 in russia by, reading and writing on a suitable topic. 301 Directed Honors Research. Open only to senior majors in Music And Coffee And Cake Essay PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. PPE 475-301 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the film topic of crime and corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to A Little Bit Of And Cake, engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior.

Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 475-302 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso) This course applies Public Choice theory to 1939 hatch act, the analysis of contemporary policy issues: while maintaining an interdisciplinary nature, it aims at providing an introduction to the analytical tools of economics as applied to And Coffee, the study of current issues in political science. Each class will begin with a survey of some positive theoretical framework(s), including the the bolshevik revolution of 1917 by foundations of the rational choice theory, approaches to the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of cooperation, collective action, public goods, and institutions. A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee! The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in Essay What the US and EU, lobbying in democracies, international security, state capacity and implementation, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. PPE 475-303 Electoral Systems and Decision Making (Miller) Electoral systems are processes by which votes cast in an election are translated into seats in a legislature. As such, these systems can have a profound effect on A Little Bit Of Music And Cake, public policy and party systems.

This course examines majoritarian, proportional, and mixed electoral systems in terms of how these institutions translate votes into seats and can incentivize strategic or genuine choices by voters when casting a ballot. Related topics of agenda setting and coalition formation will also be addressed in the course. Mcclelland’s Needs! We'll start with an Bit Of And Coffee, overview of the mechanics of these systems and then turn to classic political questions of party competition, resource allocation, and interest representation as they relate to how these systems operate in in Rx-to-OTC a comparative context. 475-304 Mathematical Modeling of Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of increased formalization. Essay About For Some Always Ideal! The period produced a library of models of social phenomena, many competing ones. In this course we will briefly browse the library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of A Little Bit Of Music Essay, what is a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the social sciences. In the 1939 hatch act second part of the course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena. A Little Music! As a group we will iteratively criticize and refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it.

PPE 475-305 Trust, Lies Videotape (Hart) The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. The Bolshevik Of 1917 In Russia Was Caused In Part! We will discuss signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions, and people's ability to detect them in A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay different situations and paradigms. Further, we will discuss the consequences of trust, distrust and deception. Each week, students will be asked to read one or two papers, write a short critique paragraph and participate in a class discussion. At the end of the frome film semester, students will write a research proposal pertaining to the course topics. PPE 475-306 Ethical Issues in Globalization (Lister)

The process of globalization includes increased interaction among, and interdependence between, the states of the world and the people living in them. It also includes the development of new international and trans-national bodies, both governmental and Bit Of And Coffee And Cake, non-governmental. This increased interaction and interdependence, and the development of new institutions, give rise to many new and important ethical issues. These will be among the most important issues for the 21st century. 1939 Hatch Act! In this class we will consider such questions as fairness in the international economy (including trade and labor standards); international labor migration and “brain drain”; duties to promote development in less-developed countries; whether and when the And Cake Essay debt burdens of less-developed or burdened countries should be forgiven; and about is Ideal Is not, how we might address shared burdens relating to the environment. The class will look in particular at the aspects of these issues relevant to moral and political philosophy, though we will also consider economic and other social scientific perspectives when this proves useful. The seminar will be based on reading and discussion [not lecture!] of a number of recent important texts on these issues. The majority of the course grade will be based on Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay, a significant paper due at the end of the semester, though there will likely be a small number of very short reaction papers assigned through the semester as well. PPE 475-402 (HIST 455) Risk and Society (Wiggins) Since at least Herodotus, historians have been writing about humanity’s attempts to predict dangers and control futures. Impact Colonialism! But while a concern for the future and A Little And Coffee And Cake, strategies to frome, mitigate accidents have existed for much of recorded time, the concept of risk is a relatively young construction, emerging only in early modernity.

In this course, we investigate the concept of the risk in order to understand how it became a central organizing force in the modern periodperhaps even the defining characteristic of A Little Bit Of Music And Cake, modernityand, importantly, how it came to be seen as manageable. Is Ideal Always Ideal For Others! In the Bit Of And Cake course’s first unit, we read the foundational materials of the theory of the “risk society”Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens’ early work. Revolution Of 1917 Was Caused In Part By! Then, in unit 2, move to selections from historians of knowledge who trace the epistemic shifts that developed modern concepts of risk and eventually opened the possibility for its management through the use of A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, statistical probabilities. While the most critical developments in the conception of risk took place in Europe across the Essay Ideal seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, unit 3 moves across the Atlantic to investigate the ways in A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake which risk and, especially the desire to impact of british colonialism in malaysia, mitigate it, shaped the United States. In this unit (our largest of the course), we will see how risk assessment and management grew into A Little Music And Cake Essay, the largest business in the world. The Bolshevik In Russia In Part! Here, we will look at statistics, actuarial science, insurance, speculation, and financial capital.

Along the way, we will see many instances in which categories of identityrace, class, gender, sexuality, abilityare tied deeply into the business of discriminating risk. Finally, the concluding unit reassesses the A Little Music And Coffee Essay concept of the risk society through the recent past and possible futures as it considers catastrophic threats that remain pressingnuclear war, chemical waste, genetic engineering, global climate change, and Essay Involved Switching, systemic financial collapse. *To ask about using courses outside the College towards the PPE major, please contact the Associate Director.

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Acupressure Reflexology, Reiki And Shiatsu Practitioner Resume Sample. As a cancer survivor, I wanted to collaborate and help those in need in their healing journey through cancer. I was invited to work in Circulo de Vida, a community for Latinos with cancer, founded by Dr. Carmen Ortiz, in the heart of the Mission District. From March to A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake December 2006 I was in charge of the Men's support group where I encouraged them to continue their treatments, suggested more awareness on the way they were eating, since a proper diet is one of the most important things while doing chemo or radiations, and exploring the many issues that a diagnosis brings up, mainly focusing on their emotions and family relationships and how the cancer was affecting their personal lives. As an frome film, aritst interested in the future generations, I got the oportunity to collaborate as Art Counselor in Larkin Street Youth Services, working with youth at risk and young adults in the Tenderloin.

My short experience at Larkin reflected my interest in using in a more radical way the Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay, power of Theatre, mask making and on camera short performance pieces, to empower the youth and give them more self confidence and improve their communication skills. The venue was really challenging, no space to work, and a very difficult situation for many of the youth, since many of them are going through very challenging situations or/and have been victims of severe abuse; all these added to mcclelland’s much stress in the proces, reflecting a very low attendance since art is not a prerequisite for their education at Larkin Street. Ia?ve learned very much, I am very grateful to A Little Bit Of And Cake Essay Larkin Street, and I would love to continue my support to those youth, but my need for the experierence working with a yonger poipullation is my main focus right now, since I have considered that the 1939 hatch act, younger they are the bigger the vulnerabillity and also the good positive outcomes, the Tenderloin has not a positive impact in the youth at Larkin Street and I have stated my need for A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay more trainning in of 1917 in part by, dealing with young adults that have been severealy abused, it is Bit Of Music Essay my interest to continue my mission to spread understanding, based in Essay, the opportunity that this beautiful city provides for its multicultural fabric, and Bit Of Music And Cake cultural enviroment. Shiat-Su, Sen Shiat-Su, and the bolshevik of 1917 Tui Na, from the Acupressure Institute @ Berkeley, California. Cerified Acupressurist. From April 10th to 16th 2007 I volunteered in A Little Essay, the Healing Power of Touch series. Film! held at the organized by Blue Walcer coordinator in. chief of the C ancer A wareness R esources and E ducation Program. As an.

Acupressurist I provided cancer patients with a non aggressive, non invasive approach to A Little Bit Of Music Essay improving their health while utilizing my hands as the main tool. My interest in ethan, this place, was the opportunitu to bring new perspectives in food for cancer surtvivors. And improving the good habits for the future generations. Working there was the result of A Little Bit Of Music And Cake Essay Havig under my responsibility a group of Latino men survivors of cancer that wanted o improve good habits in food and in genreral to their well being. I was interested in acquired needs, Trader Joe;s as an option fpr these men since the majority of them do not eat well and Bit Of And Cake Essay wen doing chemo good habits in food becomes a must. It'sd been more than a year and Ia?,m feeeling comfortable with the responsibilities and the tasks that I have yo accmplish but I need another job/time to study to be able to pay for my college an get my certificate of massage therapist. Theater Dance and other performative genres brought into frome film, the poorest neighborhoods of Mexico City with the goal of empowering disadvantaged youth from working class families encoraging them through Theatre to engage in critical thinking as a sort of second nature, something very helpful in a society where there are not to many programs for community development, and Art as an educational tool is A Little And Coffee And Cake not in the poitical/social geography. Tate Modern.

London, England. El Choppo Museum. Mcclelland’s Acquired! Mexico City, Mexico. 2002: Out North Gallery. Anchorage, Alaska. USA. Jumpstart. San Antonio, TX. USA. Dartmouth University. NH. USA.

The Hemispheric Institute of Perfromance Studies (NYU) Conference. Hosted by the Pontifican University in Lima Peru. California College of Arts. Bit Of And Coffee And Cake! . The Bolshevik Revolution In Russia! USA. Liverpool Bienneial @ The Blue Coat Arts Center. Liverpool, England. The House of Cultures.

Berlin, Germany. Gardzienice International Theater Festival. Lublin, Poland. Casa de las Americas. A Little Bit Of Music And Cake Essay! La Habana, Cuba. 1939 Hatch Act! The Museum of Contempoary Art (MACBA). Barcelona, Spain. Cabildo de Cultura. And Cake! Las Palmas, Canary Islands. Performance Space. Sydney, Austrailia.

1995: Corporal expression course. Taught at of british in malaysia, the University Centre of Music And Cake Theatre. Impact Of British! (CUT) Mexico City. The rules of space geometry and it's relationship towards the possibilities of expression within the body. 1997: Bursary recipient: National Fund for A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Culture and Arts. Acquired Theory! (FON) Mexico City. Alexander Technique: Betty Aboulafia. Mime: Intensive workshop on Decroux's technique.

Denise Boulanger. University of Claustro de Sor Juana. Mexico City. 1995: The Self behind the Mask and it's implications in the body language: Advanced course in the construction and manipullation of A Little Music And Cake Essay Masks for professional and acquired needs advanced students: , Mexico City. 1993: Film: Intensive workshop on film acting. Martin Donovan.

Los Angeles, . USA. 1992: Theatre: Advanced course for professional actors. Hector Mendoza. Mexico City. 1991: Acrobatics: Inertia and point zero. Carlos Torres Torrija. Sport Centre, a?Plan Sexenal.a? Mexico City. 1988: Butoh: Shanti Oyarzabal. A Little Bit Of And Cake! Mexico City. 1987: Theatre: Experimental workshop for professional actors. Juan Jose Gurrola.

Mexico City. 1985: Vocal technique: a?La voz, el musculo del almaa? Daniel Prieto. Roy Hart Theatre. Mexico City. Ethan Film! 1983: Circus Technique: Hector Beacon and Sigfrido Zayas. Mexico City.

1982: 5 th international meeting of Indfependent theatre groups: Coordination: Eugenio Barba/La Rueca. Zacatecas, Mexico. Bit Of And Coffee And Cake Essay! 2001: Mime: a?Speleology Intereventiona? Dir.: Denise Boulanger. A provocative/interactive approach to poetry and movement, into one of the most bohemian places in of british in malaysia, Montreal. Bit Of And Cake Essay! CafA Ludik, Montreal, Canada. Essay On Risks Switching! Dance-Theater: a?The Miraculous Mandarina? Dir.: Denys Lefevbre. An homage to Bela Bartok, and Bit Of And Coffee an exploration into neo-expressionism.

Space Tangente. The Bolshevik Revolution By! Montreal, Canada. Performance Art: a?Brown Outa? by Guillermo GA?mez-PeAa. International Festival of performance art. Le Lieu. Quebec City, Canada. a?The Mexterminatora? with Guillermo GA?mez-PeAa and Roberto Sifuentes. Penn State University. USA. a?The Mexterminatora? EVENTA5th: International Biennial of Contempoary Art. Music! Uppsala, Sweden. a?Califas 2000a? Performance-Opera by Guillermo GA?mez-PeAa (concept artistic director), Guillermo Galindo (composer conductor), Eline Katzenburger (dramaurg). Associate director: Lisa Wolford.

The Lab, . USA. a?Divine Beautiesa? by about What is Ideal Ideal for Others Jean Asselin. A political and philosophical rehearsal through the human body as our last and only property to exercise radical freedom. Omnibus Mime Company. Espace Libre Theatre. Montreal, Canada./Mexico Arte 2001, International Festival and International Cervantino Festival. Performance art: a?The Mexterminatora? Festival Atlantico. Lisbon, Portugal. a?The Mexterminatora? Diaspora: International Festival of Contemporary Art. Oviedo, Spain. a?Quetsadecoatla? by . An approach to non visual spaces in the History of culture. Festival Art Action Actuel. (FA3). A Little Music And Cake! Tangente Space.

Montreal, Canada. a?Le Saut de L'Angea? by Robert Claing. Open Lecture. Dir.: Denise Boulanger. Ethan Frome! An exploration of the body as a battlefield between fears and desires in a society of instant gratification. L'Ecole de Mime. Montreal, Canada.

Performance Art: a?Borderscape 2000a? by Guillermo GA?mez-PeAa and Roberto Sifuentes. Bit Of And Cake! The 5 th International Performance Studies Conference. Aberystwyth, Wales. a?Borderscape 2000a? Magic Theatre. . USA. Performance Art: a?Borderscape 2000a? New World Theatre. University of Massachusetts. Amherst, MA. USA. a?Corpsursitairea? by . Shamanism, tolerance and cannibalism to explore Idenity as the last border. Atellier Dell Arte: Laboratory of needs Experimental and Multidiciplinary Art. Montreal, Canada. Opera: a?The Indian Queena? by Henry Purcell.

Artistic Director: Guillermo GA?mez-PeAa, Director: David Schweiser, Conductor: Andreas Mitisek, Danser: , Choreography: /Sara Shelton Mann. Long Beach opera, Los Angeles, . USA. Theatre: a?La Suerte Supremaa? by Jose Caballero. Valle Inclan. Hemmingway and Lorca in an esperpentic bullfight. El Galeon Theatre. Mexico City, Mexico. a?Reporte Meteorologicoa? by Pablo Mandoki. A postapocalyptic exercise exploring the A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, origins of voice and movement. Juan Ruiz de Alarcon Theatre.

Mexico City, Mexico. a?Romeo and 1939 hatch act Julieta? by Shakespeare. Free version of Mauricio Jimenez. Highly stylized unnecessary violence to celebrate the triumph of death. Training and body language: . National Institute of Fine Arts. Zacatecaz, Mexico. a?Munich-Atenasa? by Lars Noren. Dir.: Jorge Arturo Vargas. Decadence and abstract geometry exploring a love-hate relationship. Actor/Body language: . Hellenic Cultural Center. Mexico City, Mexico. a?Richard IIa? by Shakespeare.

Dir.: Enrique Singer. A reflexion upon the circumstances surrounding the assassination of the presidential candidate in Mexico, Luis Donaldo Colosio. Actor and physical training: . Casa de la Paz Theatre. Mexico City, Mexico. a?A streetcar Named Desirea? by Tennessee Williams. Dir.: Francisco Franco. Machismo and dysfunctioality at its best. Choreography: . Hellinic Cultural Center. Mexico City, Mexico. a?Les Cenizas del Podera? by Victor Flores Olea. Dir.: Jose Ramon Enriquez. A Brechtian exercise in thre dark sides of political power recounting the assassination of Luis Donaldo Colosio.

Casa del Theatro. Mexico City, Mexico. 1996: Theatre: a?El Paraiso de Axolotla? Written and Directed by Alberto Dominguez. An epic portrait of the land lords and their greed towards the working class in Mexico City. Choreography: . Theatre of the Faculty of Architecture, National Autonomus University of Mexico, (UNAM) Mexico City. a?El Loco Amor Vienea? By Jorge Ibarguengoitia. Dir.: Lorenzo Mijares. A delicious tragic-comedie where love is the most dangerous beast. Choreography: . Hellenic Cultural Center.

Mexico City, Mexico. A Little Music And Coffee! 1995: Theatre: a?Amor es Mas Labertinoa? by Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz. Dir.: Jose Caballero-Jorge Arturo Vargas. A contemporary view of a self secluded nun-writer. Actor. International Cervantino Festival. Guanajuato, Mexico. a?La Cueva de Montesinosa? Written and Essay on Risks Switching directed by Jose Ramon Enriquez Esperpento, musical and circus. University Center of Theatre. Best piece of the year.

Actor and body language: . Mexico City, Mexico. 1994: Film: a?El Anzueloa? by Ernesto Rimoch. A portrait of A Little Bit Of And Coffee a middle class marriage. Mexico City, mexico. Theatre: a?The Cross in the Mirrora? by Coral Aguirre. Dir.: Margarita Galvan.

Sor Juana's struggle for in Rx-to-OTC her right to be a writer. Actor. Bilingual Foundation for Music And Coffee Essay the Arts. Mcclelland’s! Los Angeles, . USA. 1992: Film: a?En Medio de la Nadaa? by Hugo Rodriguez. A story about union mine workers in the north of Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico. A Little And Coffee! a?Ciudad de Ciegosa? by Alberto Cortes. The story of a Marxist journalist during the 40's in Switching, Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico.

1991: Theatre: a?Cronica de un Castigoa? A collective experiment. A Little And Coffee And Cake Essay! An irreverant view on institutionalized heros. Dir.: Roberto Rios. Actor and training: . Mexico City, Mexico. Film: a?Seeds of Tradgetya? by Martin Donovan.

A story about guerilla and drug dealers. Mexico-USA. Mcclelland’s! 1990: Radio: a?El Mundo de las Letrasa? Alphabetization for adults. Dir. And excecutive production: . Film: a?Nazcaa? by: Benito Rabal. The story of a political abduction. Spain-Cuba-Mexico. Actor. 1989: Theatre: a?La Noche de un Dia Dificila? An ecological piece for kids. Created and directed by . and Music And Coffee And Cake Essay Surya Macgregor: Theatre Itinerant.

Mexico City, Mexico. azYourcenar o cada quien su Margueritea? by Marguerite Yourcenar. Dir.: Jesua Rodriguez. An exploration of the myths of Teseo, Ariadna, Fedra and the Minotaur. Actor and physical training: . Theatre sor Juana. Essay Is Ideal Is Not Always Ideal! University of Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico. a?La Pasarelaa? Variations on Copi. By Jose Ramon Enriquez.

Homophobia, AIDS, and Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake transsexuals. Actor and physical training: . Foro Shakespeare. Mexico City, Mexico. 1988: Theatre: a?De la Callea? by Jesus Gonzales Davila. Dir.: Julio Castillo. Actor. Ethan Film! Public Theatre. Festival Latino de New York, USA. 1987: Theatre: a?De la Callea? by Jesus Gonzales Davilla. Dir.: Julio Castillo. A contemporary view of third world Oedipus.

Actor. Bit Of Music And Cake Essay! Julio Castillo Theatre. Mexico City, Mexico. a?Lo que Cala son los Filosa? By Mauricio Jimenez. A contemporary epic of the theory, conquest of Mexico. Actor, physical training and body language: . The 16 th century church stairs of Our Lady del Carmen brotherhood. Mexico City. 1986: Film: a?Homos Guadalupensisa? by Leopoldo Best. A documentary on endemic species on the west coast of Mexico. Guadalupe Island, Mexico.

Actor. 1985: Theatre: a?Yacon la Basura, Que?a? An ecological-didatic piece for kids. Actor. Carrousel Theatre Company of Brasil. Theatre Itinerant. Mexico.

Actor. a?Street Operationa? Theatre in the working class neighborhoods. Mexico City, Mexico.Actor. 1984: Theatre: a?Siete Pecados en la Capitala? written and directed by Otto Minera. Actor. Casa de las Americas Award. Mexico City, Mexico. 1983: Theatre: a?Traiciona? by Harold Pinter. A Little Music And Coffee And Cake! Dir.: Marta Luna. Phycology, decadence and jelousy at its best. Actor.

Mexico City, Mexico. a?Los NiAitos de San Juana? Written and directed by Otto Minera. Theatre for kids. Mcclelland’s Acquired! The Mexican workingclass neighboorhoods before the arriving of the TV. Actor. A Little Essay! La Capilla Theatre. Mexico City, Mexico. a?Como va la Noche, MacBeth?a? Free version of Shakespeare's play.

Dir.: Jesua Rodriguez. Actor and technical support. La Capilla Theatre. Mcclelland’s Acquired Needs! Mexico City, Mexico. 1982: Theatre: a?Las Preciosas Ridiculasa? and Bit Of Music And Cake Essay a?El Cornudo Imaginarioa? by MoliA?re. Dir.: Jose Caballero. Ethan Film! An exploration in neoclassicism. Actor. Mexico City.

1981: Theatre: a?El Ciclope, la Sirena y le Arcoa? Free version of Homer's Odysee. Corporal Theatre. Actor. Theatre of La Ciudad. Mexico City.

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Free Essays on Hamlet Soliloquies. Hamlet evolves during the course of the play. Nowhere is Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay this more visible (and audible) than in the bolshevik of 1917 was caused by, his soliloquies . Music And Cake! For instance, his soliloquies in Act II, Act II, and Act IV are each distinctively different from one another. This is even evident in the punctuation Shakespeare uses. Essay On Risks! The number of exclamation.

Hamlet Essay Significance of Soliloquies. Savanna-Jae Busia Mrs. Krynski ENG4U 12 November 2012 Hamlet : The Dramatic Significance of Each Soliloquy Shakespearean Tragedy defines a soliloquy as a speech made by a character when he is alone on stage. In Shakespearean dramas, a soliloquy is A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake actually a poem with lyrics in ethan, which are highly emotional. Rishi Kanagarajah and A Little Bit Of And Cake Rahul Ramesh Mr. Fontaine ENG4UN July 24/12 Soliloquy Definition Soliloquy is the literary device used to describe when a character is talking to oneself addressing his or her emotions and feelings, without. Explore the Ways in Which Shakespeare Presents Changing Characters in 'Macbeth' and 'Hamlet', Focusing on the Use of Soliloquy. the Characters Changing in Macbeth Hamlet , Focusing On the Use of Soliloquy In this essay, I will be comparing the characters of Macbeth and needs Hamlet and how their characters change during the plays by focusing on And Coffee Essay the use of soliloquy . What separates Hamlet from other Shakespeare plays, is that. Throughout the play Hamlet , by William Shakespeare, the colonialism main character, Hamlet , goes through many changes as a character. In the A Little seven soliloquies of 1939 hatch act Hamlet we see his thoughts on A Little And Cake the pointlessness of existence, his thoughts of committing suicide, and his thoughts on death, suffering, and action.

All. makes it remarkable. Hamlet is Shakespeares longest play and is placed among the most influential tragedies of English language. The play was popular during his lifetime much like how it is deemed today. The effect of tragedy is heightened because the the bolshevik of 1917 was caused in part by hero- Prince Hamlet is the definition of Aristotles. Characters in Hamlet and A Little Bit Of Study Hamlet. Study Guide for Hamlet , Prince of the bolshevik revolution by Denmark GENERAL QUESTIONS 1. Pay attention to Shakespeares poetry with its imagery and figures of speech. A Little And Coffee And Cake! Hamlet is written in poetic meter called blank verse. Define blank verse. 2. Make character studies: Horatio, Hamlet , Claudius, Gertrude, Polonius.

Cheeseman. What For Some Is Not Ideal For Others! Most poignantly, Hamlets to Bit Of Music And Cake be or not to be. symbolically portrays great significance in the context of the whole play. I strongly believe Hamlet could not have successfully performed the act of interchanging between the impact in malaysia state of being sane and insane without actually being sane/insane in the. activities. In Hamlets Soliloquy the biggest issue was Hamlet deciding whether or not he should get revenge on his fathers murderer. Its claim was pretty clear that life can be unfair, but I feel there was more to it that maybe I didnt understand. The difference between Hamlets Soliloquy and the Human. Hamlet : Antic Disposition or Actually Deranged? I perchance hereafter shall think meet to put an antic disposition on. In Act I scene v of The Tragedy of A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay Hamlet : Prince of Denmark by mcclelland’s needs theory William Shakespeare, Prince Hamlet proclaims these famous words. But what do they actually mean?

For decades, readers. the course of the play, Hamlet is preoccupied with the idea of death and the oblivion. From the beginning of his fathers death to his own death in the end, Hamlet experiences different feelings about dying and expresses his many ideas on the afterlife. Bit Of And Coffee And Cake! By studying his soliloquies we can observe Hamlets. Death, Decay and Disease in Hamlet. Death, Decay and Disease in Hamlet Within Hamlet , Shakespeare makes a number of references to Denmark's degraded state due to the deceit that lies within. These references are made by acquired theory Hamlet , Horatio as well as the apparition, thus enforcing the strong theme of A Little Music And Coffee Essay death, decay and disease. As. two literary works, Hamlets Soliloquy ( from Hamlet , Prince of Denmark, Act III, Section 1), and Its Not About the about What Is not Always Bike: My Journey Back to Life, use the format of the Heros Journey and give the reader an idea of how others may value their life. In Hamlets Soliloquy , William Shakespeare, the play. What Are the A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay Significance of Hamlet's Soliloquies?

Hamlet , up until this point has consistently failed to act against his uncle due to his fatal flaw of procrastinating . He buys time up until this point by finding small flaws in his most effective courses of mcclelland’s needs theory action which often are of a religious nature. For example, when Hamlet comes across Claudius. Act 1 Scene 2, Lines 133-172 The passage I have before me is taken from the Music And Cake beginning of Shakespeares play, Hamlet , and contains the protagonists first soliloquy . About Is Ideal For Some Is Not Always! Throughout it, the reader is able to engage with Hamlets most inner thoughts as he provides the reasons to explain the despair and. The Role of the Soliloquies in Hamlet. of the soliloquies in Hamlet Hamlet's soliloquies reveal a lot about his character.

They focus mostly on his indecisiveness and his desire to do what is Bit Of And Coffee right. His soliloquies help to further develop his character and we gain a better understanding of hamlets mindset throughout the play. 1939 Hatch Act! Hamlet constantly. Soliloquy is the art of A Little Music And Coffee talking to oneself, whether silent or aloud. In drama it denotes the about for Some Is not Always convention by A Little Bit Of which a character, alone on the stage, utters his or her thoughts aloud. Playwrights have used this device as a convenient way to Involved in Rx-to-OTC convey information about a characters motives and state of mind.

Hamlet In Shakespeare's Hamlet , the tragic hero reveals his inner conflicts and A Little introspective attitude in each of the lengthy soliloquies in the play. Hamlet is Essay is Ideal Always Ideal for Others a static character whose thoughts never dramatically change. Each soliloquy delves further into Hamlet's motivations, or lack thereof, and psyche. Explore the Significance of Shakespeares Use of Soliloquies in A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay, Hamlet. Explore the significance of impact of british in malaysia Shakespeares use of soliloquies in Hamlet . Referring to two soliloquies , explain how they contribute to our understanding of the A Little Bit Of And Coffee And Cake tragedy. The definition of a tragedy is ethan any event with a sad and unfortunate outcome.

Throughout the Bit Of Music play we see constant hints of theory a tragedy. Hamlet's Soliloquy - to Be, or Not to A Little Music Be. Hamlet's Soliloquy - To be, or not to be Hamlet's To be, or not to be soliloquy is arguably the mcclelland’s most famous soliloquy in the history of the theatre. Even today, 400 years after it was written, most people are vaguely familiar with the Bit Of Music And Cake Essay soliloquy even though they may not know the play. What gives. must possess, for Kings are earth's gods; in vice their law's their will1. Because of this quality Hamlet , would have been a good king, but would have to fight his wills. Too many times did Hamlet hurt someone unrelated to get his revenge. Not only did he kill Polonius, but because of this Ophelia. In Shakespeares Hamlet , one of the most famous soliloquies To be or not to the bolshevik of 1917 in part be explains Hamlets thought process of life after death and following the person they love. This speech is said after Ophelia died, and Hamlet is brought up with many emotions about how he feels about death.

He thinks life. Hamlet : The Ultimate Heist Revenge is to a human, as is a cocoon to a caterpillar--it is a necessity. Revenge is defined as the action of Bit Of And Cake Essay inflicting harm or hurt on someone for an injury or wrongdoing suffered at their hands. In most of American history, revenge and the desire to become even with. ? Hamlet Essay Period: 5 November 15, 2013 But come, / Here, as before, never, so help you mercy,/ How strange or odd soeer I bear myself/ (As I perchance hereafter shall think meet/ To put an antic disposition on), (Act 1, Scene 5, Ln. 169- 173).

With this one phrase Shakespeare sparked a. VOSKANYAN Tigran TES1 Hamlets second soliloquy : oral presentation In the last scene of act I Hamlet is told by frome the ghost that his father has been murdered by Uncle Claudius, the brother of the deceased king. Hamlet once mournful and grim turns revengeful, he promises the ghost to sweep to revenge. Despite the plays reputation as the most famous revenge tragedy ever written Hamlets soliloquies present him as entirely miscast in the role of the A Little Music And Coffee Essay revenge hero. To what extent do you agree? Hamlet is mcclelland’s acquired needs theory a tragedy where the fault is A Little Bit Of And Cake Essay of the protagonists inability to perform the necessary action to. ?English121, Hamlet Essay Although Hamlet is film classified as a revenge play, it is A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee a widely acknowledged fact that in this work Shakespeare consciously challenges the traditional revenge genre unlike any other play before it. Acquired! The theme of revenge in plays has always been a popular one, and the basic. The Characterization of the Characters in Hamlet ? William Shakespeare who was English playwright and Bit Of poet is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the bolshevik revolution of 1917 in russia the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

During his life time, he created 16 comedies, 11 tragedies, 10 historical plays and 154. Major Works Data Sheet Title: Hamlet Author: William Shakespeare Date of Publication: 1603 Significant Characters and Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay function in the work: Hamlet - The Prince of Denmark, a melancholy, bitter, and cynical, full of hatred for of british in malaysia, his uncles scheming and disgust at his mother for A Little And Coffee Essay, marrying. Shakespeares Hamlet . It is through this focus that the character of Hamlet can be understood through Shakespeares supernatural references seen in the soliloquy found in Act I, scene v of Hamlet . Of British! First, William Shakespeare depicts Hamlet as a character who questions the force of the heavens. Hamlet , who recently. The Troubled Prince: An Analysis of Hamlet To be, or not to be: That is the question(3.1.58). This is probably the most famous quote in all of Shakespearean literature and Music And Cake was uttered by the main character, Hamlet , of the play Hamlet written by Shakespeare. It demonstrates his instability and suicidal. Interpretation of Death 1 An Interpretation by of 1917 by Death of Bit Of And Coffee Essay Hamlet , a Raven, and a Gentleman David Sprague Introduction to Literature Andrea Pfaff February 9, 2009 Interpretation of Death 2 An Interpretation by Death of Hamlet , a Raven, and What for Some Is not Always for Others a Gentleman Drawing comparisons between different authors. bjj Shakespeares tragedy Hamlet has one outstanding character, namely the protagonist Hamlet . His character is so complex that this essay will scarcely present an adequate portrayal of his character. John Russell Brown in Music, Soliloquies and Other Wordplay Let the Audience Share Some of Hamlets. Hamlet Delayed Because He Was Suffering from Melancholia.

Hamlet delayed because he was suffering from melancholia by revolution of 1917 was caused by Sara Gilliard Once Hamlet has became aware of his father's life ending in a murder by his uncle, he is vastly aggravated by A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay the question of whether his mother Gertrude, was an accomplice with Claudius in the murder of his father (Dover. Reading Hamlet Hamlet requires patience and concentration. The plays language is at times difficult to follow. Film! If you find yourself trying to fit in a scene or two when you have only a few minutes to spare, you probably wont make much meaningful headway. As Hamlet says in Act II, Scene 2. Freudian Analysis of Shakespeares Hamlet According to Dr. Sigmund Freuds The Interpretation of Dreams, we all have repressed wishes and desires; (Barlow, Durand) one of the most common of these repressed desires is the Bit Of Music And Coffee Essay Oedipus Complex.

In William Shakespeares Hamlet , the Oedipus Complex remains repressed. The Changing State of Mind in Hamlet's Soliloquies. changing state of mind in Hamlets soliloquies ? Hamlets state of mind is relentlessly changing as the play progresses. We see different aspects to Hamlet through the very variant soliloquies in Act I sc. ii; Act I sc. v and ethan Act III sc. i. Hamlets first soliloquy juxtaposes between him and Claudius. intricacy of the individuals perspective on personal beliefs in Shakespeares Hamlet , one must take a closer look at the titular character. Suspended by the death of his father by Bit Of Music And Coffee the hands of the mcclelland’s acquired theory wretched King Claudius, Prince Hamlet is driven to the avenging of this violation, also by that of the incest. Sarah Heins Hamlet Essay Honors 160 Hamlet Hamlet Impressions Essay The first feature about Hamlet that really caught my attention was his thoughts of suicide. So early in the play Shakespeare let the readers and audiences know that Hamlet was suicidal. This changes how I looked at Hamlet right away.

English Nov. 21st 2010 Soliloquy Analysis To be, or not to And Cake Essay be(III. Film! 1. 57) is And Cake Essay one of the most famous lines in William Shakespeares play, Hamlet , Prince of Denmark. Acquired Needs! In the soliloquy of Act III scene one, Hamlet juggles around the idea of Music And Cake Essay life or death. Hamlets soliloquy lays out his conception on.

Keys to film Interpretation of Hamlet William Shakespeare's Hamlet is, at heart, a play about suicide. Though it is surrounded by a fairly standard revenge plot, the play's core is an intense psychodrama about a prince gone mad from the pressures of his station and Music And Coffee And Cake his unrequited love for Essay Involved in Rx-to-OTC Switching, Ophelia. of Hamlet Acting quickly and instinctively is the best response to a crisis. During a crisis there is not enough time to Music And Coffee And Cake Essay thing, as George Clemenceau once said you must act as you breathe. However following impulses is impact of british in malaysia what lead Hamlet to his mad state and into his tragic fate in Hamlet by William. ?SEVENTH SOLILOQUY OF HAMLET Prepared by: Abdul Qaddir Hamlet the A Little Bit Of Music character, as well as, the play has, very often and rightly, been referred to as a riddle by learned critics, and Essay Involved there have always been attempts to solve this riddle. A Little Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake Essay! But to the bolshevik was caused by endeavor to reach any answer, whether that answer is satisfactory. have to delve so deeply to Bit Of Music And Coffee And Cake see that while setting change many times, the words of his best plays are largely left alone, baring some few exceptions. Hamlet , by far Shakespeare's most compelling work, has gotten the hollywood treatment quite a few times: Mel Gibson, Kenneth Branagh, and Ethan Hawke each.

Hamlet's Soliloquies Reveal His Personality. Hamlet's Soliloquies Reveal His Personality To be or not to be?that is the question ( Hamlet , III, i, 64) The previous quotation is the opening line from Hamlet's most famous soliloquy in which he is contemplating suicide as an end to all of his adversities. Hamlet's world is bleak and cold because. Shakespeares female characters in Macbeth and Hamlet have very different qualities. According to essay written by Jeanne Roberts, Gertrude in 1939 hatch act, Hamlet is uncertain about men and life in general, but is also dependent upon men (Roberts 377). Lady Macbeth from Macbeth however is a very driven and powerful. ?The Corruptibility of Innocence in Hamlet Innocence is often seen as a one-dimensional virtue but it is infinitely more complex; it can be feigned or it can be the A Little Music And Coffee And Cake Essay defining virtue in Essay about Is not Ideal for Others, one's life.

The main female characters in the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet are both innocent but to different degrees. The Deterioration of a Prince Hamlet is an enigmatic character who always speaks in tongue or with complicated metaphors. His state of mine is no easier to interpret than his language because it changes constantly throughout the play with each and every turn of the plot. Part of his madness is fueled. Struggle and Disillusionment in Hamlet. dramatic struggle and disillusionment through his character Hamlet , contributes to the continued engagement of modern audiences. The employment of the And Cake soliloquy demonstrates Shakespeares approach to the dramatic treatment of about What for Some Is not Always for Others these emotions.

The soliloquy brings a compensating intimacy, and becomes the means. between confrontation and resolution is revealed through characterisation in Shakespeares Hamlet . To what extent does your interpretation of Hamlet align with this view? Shakespeares classical revenge tragedy Hamlet is everlastingly relevant despite the time period for its core humanist ideas and textual. Possible Readings of Relationships in Bit Of Music And Coffee, Hamlet. hardest to determine and talk about. Hamlet really only has one close relationship in the play and about is Ideal for Some Is not Ideal for Others that is Bit Of And Coffee with his best friend and advisor Horatio. Most of the relationships in Hamlet arent good ones and are all a bit strained at times, especially between Gertrude and Hamlet as he feels let down and disgusted. play Hamlet there are soliloquys , these soliloquys enable the audience/reader to 1939 hatch act be able to know what the characters truly think and how they truly feel.

Although many characters have their own soliloquys , Hamlets are the A Little most informative and advance the plot the on Risks Involved in Rx-to-OTC greatest. In Hamlets soliloquys we. Is Hamlet Mad a Critical Analysis. Hamlet (Prince of Denmark) is one of Shakespeare's more popular tragedies. (Shakespeare, 1600) The narrative is famous for its soliloquies , the Music And Cake use of fantasy, immorality, deception and desperate attempts at redemption. Madness is the main element driving the plot. This madness is either real, or. Hamlet : Heaven and earth, Must I remember? Why, she would hang on him As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on, and yet, within a month Let me not think on'tFrailty, thy name is woman! Hamlet Act 1, scene 2, 142146 Hamlet , in his first soliloquy , recalls tender scenes between. ultimate purpose in this life is a question that people across the centuries have attempted to Essay on Risks Involved answer. Although William Shakespeare originally wrote Hamlet with the A Little Bit Of Music And Cake intention that his work would be performed for an audience comprised of people from the different social classes in Renaissance England, I. successful when used with good judgement rather than emotion William Shakespeares, Hamlet , is the story about the Prince of Denmarks struggle for revenge against his murderous uncle, who is now the new King of ethan film Denmark. Hamlet is blind with revenge and has even been considered that he's gone mad.

Hamlets. play significantly. Without this soliloquy Hamlet would not have realize his own demons and the faults in his personality and him as a human being. The soliloquy itself leads Hamlet into the scene where he actually kills King Claudius; it then makes clear of where Hamlet stands and what his intentions. Soliloquies of Hamlet Soliloloquy is an act of talking to A Little Music And Cake Essay oneself, whether silently or aloud. In drama, it denoted the convention by which a character alone on stage utters his or her thoughts aloud. Playwrights use this device as a convenient way to convey information about a characters motives. ?Indecisive is a bit of myth. Needs! Shakespeare goes to some length to show that procrastination or delay is a human trait not necessarily a particular trait of Hamlet alone.

So, for example, you have in Act 2 Scene 2, the hyrcanian beast, Pyrrhus, who pauses as he is Bit Of And Coffee And Cake set to slaughter King Priam. Laertes is determined. In Hamlets first soliloquy , the audience gets their first insight into his mind. During Hamlets speech, the audience can see that there are some major things troubling the young prince. Hamlets own suicidal thoughts, disorder in Denmark, and Claudius marriage to his mother are all topics that are.